Yintoni isihluzo samehlo?

Kukho iintlobo ezintathu zezihluzo zamehlo: izihluzo ezimfutshane, izihluzo ze-longpass, kunye nezihluzo ze-bandpass.Isihluzi somgama omfutshane sivumela ubude obufutshane kunobude obusikiweyo ukuba bugqithe, ngelixa sithomalalisa ubude obude.Ngokuchaseneyo, isihluzo sexesha elide sihambisa amaza amaza amade kunobude obusikiweyo ngelixa sithintela ubude obufutshane bamaza.Isihluzo se-bandpass sisihluzo esivumela uluhlu oluthile, okanye “ibhendi”, yobude bobude ukuba bugqithe, kodwa sithomalalisa bonke ubude bobude obujikeleze ibhendi.Isihluzi se-monochromatic yimeko egqithisileyo yesihluzo se-bandpass, ehambisa kuphela uluhlu olumxinwa kakhulu lwamaza obude.

Icebo lokucoca ulwelo ngokukhetha ligqithisa icandelo elinye lembonakalo, ngelixa lisala ezinye izahlulo.Ngokuqhelekileyo isetyenziswa kwi-microscope, i-spectroscopy, uhlalutyo lweekhemikhali, kunye nombono womatshini.
Izihluzi ze-Optical zizixhobo zokwenziwa ezivumela ukuhanjiswa kobude obuthile bobude okanye iseti yobude bokukhanya.Kukho iindidi ezimbini zezihluzo zamehlo ezineendlela ezahlukeneyo zokusebenza: izihluzo ezifunxayo kunye nezihluzo ze-dichroic.
Izihluzi ezifunxayo zineengubo ezahlukeneyo zezinto eziphilayo kunye ne-inorganic ezifunxa amaza okukhanya athile, ngaloo ndlela zivumela ubude obunqwenelekayo ukuba budlule.Ekubeni zifunxa amandla okukhanya, ubushushu bezi zihluzi buyanda ngexesha lokusebenza.Zizihluzi ezilula kwaye zinokongezwa kwiiplastiki ukwenza izihluzo ezingabizi kakhulu kuneeglasi ezisekelwe kwiglasi.Ukusebenza kwezi zihluzi akuxhomekanga kwi-engile yokukhanya kwesiganeko kodwa kwiimpawu zezinto ezenza izihluzi.Ngenxa yoko, zizihluzi ezilungileyo zokusebenzisa xa kubonakaliswe ukukhanya kobude obungafunwayo bobude obungafunwayo kunokubangela ingxolo kwisignali yokubona.
Izihluzi zeDichroic zinzima ngakumbi ekusebenzeni kwazo.Ziquka uthotho lweengubo zokwaleka ezinobungqingqwa obuchanekileyo obuyilelwe ukubonakalisa amaza amaza angafunekiyo kunye nokuhambisa uluhlu olufunekayo lwamaza.Oku kuphunyezwa ngokubangela ubude obunqwenelekayo bamaza ukuphazamisa ngendlela eyakhayo kwicala lothumelo lwesihluzi, ngelixa ezinye iiwavevelengths ziphazamisana ngendlela eyakhayo kwicala lokubonisa lesihluzo.


Ixesha lokuposa: Aug-02-2021